CAUSES OF FAILURE OF SMALL-SCALE INDUSTRIES IN NIGERIA
(A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE)
Whenever a business fails, we tend to point at different type of internal reasons like failure of major products, a bad investment decision, structural rigidity or management incompetence or the root cause, business failure could also result from external factor like competition, change in government regulations, scarcity of raw materials etc. Whatever may be the reasons, it is relevant for manager to get to know them with a view to optimizing then for their company advantage.
Apart from the general know reasons, some factors are peculiar to some organizations and entrepreneurs; some of these are most times environment-driven. The ability of organization to prevent such failure depend on whether management align and see the factors in the context of their business strategy, hence there could be full optimization of their respective risks. Such factors among others include the following:
Failure to change and adopt due to past success. It is a wrong action for anyone to describe his organization or business as failure – proof no matter what the level of the past achievement was. Most of the business that collapse in the recent times are dose we have described as excellent in the past. They have failed not because they lack the strength to sustain success but due to their insensitivity to changes around them and therefore get trapped by their past success.
Let us take a walk around some industries estate in Nigeria especially in Enugu, Kano, Aba, Lagos and Ibadan, one would find several of these organization that have won different performance awards in the past but are no longer doing well today. This is an unfortunate consequence of their rigidity and management styles.
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